Acquisition

 

Acquisition is the procurement of goods, services or works from an outside external source.  It is favorable that the goods, services or works are appropriate and that they are procured at the best possible cost and schedule to meet the needs of the purchaser in terms of quality and quantity, time, and location.  Corporations and public bodies often define processes intended to promote fair and open competition for their business while minimizing exposure to fraud and collusion.

 

Almost all Acquisition decisions include factors such as delivery and handling, marginal benefit, and price fluctuations. Acquisition generally involves making buying decisions under conditions of scarcity.  If good data is available, it is good practice to make use of economic analysis methods such as cost-benefit analysis or cost-utility analysis.

An important distinction should be made between analyses without risk and those with risk. Where risk is involved, either in the costs or the benefits, the concept of expected value may be employed.

 

The US Defense Acquisition University (DAU) defines procurement as the act of buying goods and services for the government.  DAU defines acquisition as the conceptualization, initiation, design, development, test, contracting, production, deployment, Logistics Support (LS), modification, and disposal of weapons and other systems, supplies, or services (including construction) to satisfy Department of Defense needs, intended for use in or in support of military missions.

 

Acquisition is therefore a much wider concept than procurement, covering the whole life cycle cost of acquired systems. Multiple acquisition models or acquisition process exists, one of which is the revised acquisition process for major systems in industry and defense.  The process is defined by a series of phases during which technology is defined and matured into viable concepts, which are subsequently developed and readied for production, after which the systems produced are supported in the field.

 

 

Acquisition Process, Generally, federal acquisitions begin with identification of a requirement by a specific federal activity. A basic idea of what is needed and the problem statement is prepared and the requiring activity meets with an acquisition command having a Contracting Officer with an appropriate warrant issued by a specific acquisition activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contracting

 

Business process outsourcing (BPO) is a subset of outsourcing that involves the contracting of the operations and responsibilities of specific business functions (or processes) to a third-party service provider.  Originally, this was associated with manufacturing firms that outsourced large segments of its supply chain.

 

BPO is typically categorized into back office outsourcing, which includes internal business functions such as human resources or finance and accounting, and front office outsourcing, which includes customer-related services such as contact center services.

Often the business processes are information technology-based, and are referred to as Information Technology Enabled ServiceKnowledge process outsourcing (KPO) and legal process outsourcing (LPO) are some of the sub-segments of business process outsourcing industry.

 

Government Contracting is the process by which the federal government acquires goods, services (notably construction), and interests in real property. Contracts for government procurement usually involve appropriated funds spent on supplies, services, and interests in real property by and for the use of the Federal Government through purchase or lease, whether the supplies, services, or interests are already in existence or must be created, developed, demonstrated, and evaluated.  ("Acquisition" defined, as to goods and services only). Federal Government contracting has the same legal elements as contracting between private parties: a lawful purpose, competent contracting parties, an offer, an acceptance that complies with the terms of the offer, mutuality of obligation, and consideration. However, Federal contracts are much more heavily regulated, subject to volumes of statutes dealing with Federal contracts and the Federal contracting process, mostly in Titles 10, 31, 40, and 41 of the United States Code.

 

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Acquisition_Process.jpg/560px-Acquisition_Process.jpg

The course materials listed on this web site are copy rights © by the subject authors and publishers. They are solely intended for classroom teaching and online reference. Copy and/or redistribution of these contents are prohibited by the US copyright law.

 

 

-Acquisition & Contracting Topics:

 

1-Acquisition Business Management - BCF211

2-Analyzing Contract Cost

3-Earned Value Management (EVM)

4-Risk Management

5-Risk Management & Insurance

6-Alternative Dispute Resolution

7-Root Cause Analysis

8-COR with a Mission Focus

9-Contingency CO Refresher

10-Operating and Support Cost Estimating

11-Intermediate Acquisition Logistics

12-Force Structure Costing

13-Spend Analysis Strategies

14-Time Phasing Methods

15-Cost Risk Analysis

16-Labor Rates

17-LSS for Services Book - 0n Cost Accounting Page

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1-Acquisition Business Management - BCF211

1-Definitions

2-Course Overview

3-Cost Analysis

4-3  Program Budget Overview

5-Appropriations

6-Funding Policies Part1

7-Funding Policies Part2

8-Escalation

9-Program Budget Summary

10-Fixed Price Contracts

11-Cost-Reimbursement Contracts

12-Earned Value

13-Planning Programming Budgeting & Execution

14-Budget Exhibits

15-Congressional Enactment

16-Program Execution

17-Rules

18-Fiscal Laws and Reprogramming

19-Program Execution Summary

20-Acquisition Strategy and Contract Execution

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2-Analyzing Contract Cost

1-Course Introduction

2-Costs and Cost Analysis

3-Offeror Information for Cost Analysis

4-Cost Accounting Standards and Allowability

5-Proposal Modeling

6-Accounting and Estimating Systems

7-Requesting Field Pricing Assistance

8-Analyzing Direct Material Costs

9-Using Statistical Analysis

10-Analyzing Direct Labor Costs

11-Analyzing Other Direct Costs

12-Analyzing Indirect Costs

13-Using Regression Analysis

14-Using Improvement Curves

15-Analyzing Facilities Capital Cost of Money

16-Analyzing Profit or Fee

17-Preparing for Negotiations

18-Course Summary

19-How to Build and Review Proposal

20-DCAA – Contract Audit Manual (CAM)

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3-Earned Value Management (EVM)

1-Course User Guide

2- Introduction & Purpose of Course

3- The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

4- The Organization Breakdown Structure

5- Scheduling

6- Budgeting

7- Establishing the Baseline

8- Detailed Planning

9- Measuring Work in Progress

10- Accounting System

11- Data Collection

12- Estimating Cost at Completion - Judgment & EV Information

13- Change Control

14- Baseline Maintenance

15-External Reporting

16- Contract Status

17- Contracting

18- The Integrated Baseline Review (IBR)

19- Internal Surveillance

20- Surveillance Plan Execution

21- Program Execution

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4-Risk Management

1-Risk and Its Treatment

2-Insurance and Risk

3-Introduction to Risk Management

4-Advanced Topics in Risk Management

5-Types of Insurers and Marketing Systems

6-Insurance Company Operations

7-Financial Operations of Insurers

8-Government Regulation of Insurance

9-Fundamental Legal Principles

10-Analysis of Insurance Contracts

11-Life Insurance

12-Life Insurance Contractual Provisions

13-Buying Life Insurance

14-Annuities and Individual Retirement Accounts

15-Health-Care Reform; Individual Health Insurance Coverages

16-Employee Benefits: Group Life and Health Insurance

17-Employee Benefits: Retirement Plans

18-Social Insurance

19-The Liability Risk

20-Homeowners Insurance, Section I

21-Homeowners Insurance, Section II

22-Auto Insurance

23-Auto Insurance and Society

24-Other Property and Liability Insurance Coverages

25-Commercial Property Insurance

26-Commercial Liability Insurance

13A-Calculation of Life Insurance Premiums

2A-Basic Statistics and the Law of Large Numbers

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5-Risk Management & Insurance

1-Risk in Our Society

2-Insurance and Risk

3-Introduction to Risk Management

4-Advanced Topics in Risk Management

5-Types of Insurers and Marketing System

6-Insurance Company Operations

7-Financial Operations of Insurers

8-Government Regulation of Insurance

9-Fundamental Legal Principles

10-Analysis of Insurance Contracts

11-Life Insurance

12-Life Insurance Contractual Provisions

13-Buying Life Insurance

14-Annuities and Individual Retirement Accounts

15-Individual Health Insurance Coverage

16-Group Life and Health Insurance

17-Employee Benefit: Retirement Plans

18-Social Insurance

19-The Liability Risk

20-Homeowners Insurance, Section I

21-Homeowners Insurance, Section II

22-Auto Insurance

23-Auto Insurance and Society

24-Property Liability Insurance Coverage

25-Commercial Property Insurance

26-Commercial Liability Insurance

27-Crime Insurance and Surety Bonds

28-Calculation of Life Insurance Premiums

29-Basic Statistics and the Law of Large Numbers

30-Risk Management Application Problems

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6-Alternative Dispute Resolution

0-Module Introduction

1-Introduction to ADR

2-Conflict, Disputes and litigation

3-Overview  of AD R

4-Third-Party Assisted ADR

5-ADR Agreement and Overview of ADR Procedures

6-ADR Procedures

7-ADR Selection Exercises/ Scenarios

8-Module Summary

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7-Root Cause Analysis

0-Module Introduction

1-Root Cause Analysis Overview

2-Problem Definition, Part 1

3-Problem Definition, Part: 2

4-Cause and Effect Analysis

5-Root Cause

6-Corrective Action

7-Root Cause Analysis Reporting

8-Root Cause Analysis Validation

9-Course Capstone Project

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8-COR with a Mission Focus

0-Module Introduction

1-Authorities

2-Ethics and Integrity

3-Services Acquisition Process Overview

4-Planning the Acquisition

5-Developing the Acquisition

6-Executing the Acquisition: Award and Post - Award Strategy

7-Executing the Acquisition: COR Duties

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9-Contingency CO Refresher

0-Module I n troducti on

1-Contingency Contracting Methods and Instruments

2-Funding

3-Administration of Contingency Contracts

4-Procurement Ethics

5-Other Considerations in the Contingency Environment

6-Contract Pricing

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10-Operating and Support Cost Estimating

0-Lesson 0 - Module Introduction

1-Lesson 1 - The PSM and O&S Cost

2-Lesson 2 - The PSM and Affordability

3-Lesson 3 - Design Interface

4-Lesson 4 - Maintenance and Maintenance Labor

5-Lesson 5 - Supply and Depot Maintenance

6-Lesson 6 - Personnel Costs

7-Lesson 7 - The Sustaining Environment

8-Lesson 8 - Module Summary

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11-Intermediate Acquisition Logistics

0-Module 0 - Course Introduction

1-Lesson 0.1 - Course Introduction

2-Module 1 - Define Supportability Objectives

3-Lesson 1.1 - Define Supportability Objectives - Overview

4-Lesson 1.2 - Define Supportability Objectives - Regulatory Environment

5-Lesson 1.3 - Define Supportability Objectives - Oversight and Review

6-Lesson 1.4 - Define Supportability Objectives - Management Process

7-Lesson 1.5 - Define Supportability Objectives - Technical Activities

8-Lesson 1.6 - Define Supportability Objectives - Metrics

9-Lesson 1.7 - Define Supportability Objectives - Module Summary

10-Module 2- Evaluate Product Support Objectives

11-Lesson 2.1 - Evaluate Product Support Objectives - Overview

12-Lesson 2.2 - Evaluate Product Support Objectives - Regulatory Environment

13-Lesson 2.3 - Evaluate Product Support Objectives - Oversight and Review

14-Lesson 2.4 - Evaluate Product Support Objectives - Management Process

15-Lesson 2.5 - Evaluate Product Support Objectives - Technical Activities

16-Lesson 2.6 - Evaluate Product Support Objectives - Metrics

17-Lesson 2.7 - Evaluate Product Support Objectives - Module Summary

18-Module 3 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy

19-Lesson 3.1 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy - Overview

20-Lesson 3.2 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy - Regulatory Environment

21-Lesson 3.3 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy - Oversight and Review

22-Lesson 3.4 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy - Management Process

23-Lesson 3.5 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy - Technical Activities

24-Lesson 3.6 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy - Metrics

25-Lesson 3.7 - Develop Initial Product Support Strategy - Module Summary

26-Module 4 - Product Support Plan

27-Lesson 4.1 - Product Support Plan- Overview

28-Lesson 4.2 - Product Support Plan - Regulatory Environment

29-Lesson 4.3 - Product Support Plan - Oversight and Review

30-Lesson 4.4 - Product Support Plan - Management Process

31-Lesson 4.5 - Product Support Plan - Technical Activities

32-Lesson 4.6 - Product Support Plan - Metrics

33-Lesson 4.7 - Product Support Plan - Module Summary

34-Module 5 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability

35-Lesson 5.1 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability - Overview

36-Lesson 5.2 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability - Regulatory Environment

37-Lesson 5.3 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability - Oversight and Review

38-Lesson 5.4 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability - Management Process

39-Lesson 5.5 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability - Technical Activities

40-Lesson 5.6 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability - Metrics

41-Lesson 5.7 - Demonstrate Product Support Capability - Module Summary

42-Module 6 - Cost Estimating and Planning, Programming, Budgeting, & Execution (PPBE)

43-Lesson 6.1 - Cost Estimating & PPBE Overview

44-Lesson 6.2 - Cost Estimating

45-Lesson 6.3 - PPBE Overview and Building Blocks

46-Lesson 6.4 - Planning Phase

47-Lesson 6.5 - Programming Phase

48-Lesson 6.6 - Budgeting Phase

49-Lesson 6.7 - PPBE Issues

50-Lesson 6.8 - Cost Estimating & PPBE - Module Summary

51-Module 7 - Course Summary

52-Lesson 7.1 - Course Summary

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12-Force Structure Costing

0-Lesson 0 - Module Overview

1-Lesson 1 - Force Structure Cost Model

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13-Spend Analysis Strategies

0-Lesson 0 - Module Introduction

1-Lesson 1 - Spend Analysis Strategies

2-Lesson 2 - Preparing the Spend Analysis

3-Lesson 3 - Performing the Spend Analysis

4-Lesson 4 - Interactive Scenario: Products

5-Lesson 5 - Interactive Scenario: Services

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14-Time Phasing Methods

0-Lesson 0 - Module Introduction

1-Lesson 1 - The Time Phasing Methods

2-Lesson 2 - Simulation: Time Phasing

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15-Cost Risk Analysis

1-Introduction to Cost Risk Analysis

2-Risk Management Process

3-Elements of Risk

4-Cost Risk Analysis

5-Approaches for Estimating Cost Risk

6-Cost as a Probability Distribution

7-Monte Carlo Simulation in Cost Risk Analysis

8-Good Risk Analysis

9-Module Summary

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16-Labor Rates

0-Welcome to the "Rates" Module

1- Labor Estimation Rates

2- Cost Estimation Rates

3- Wrap Rate Calculations

4- Wrap Rate Projections

A Guide for Indirect Cost Rate Determination

 

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